The haematological cancers – leukaemia, lymphoma and myeloma – are cancers that come from abnormal blood or bone marrow cells. They are rare forms of cancer. Leukaemia is a cancer of the white blood cells that start in the bone marrow. Abnormal white cells start to grow in an uncontrolled manner. Production of normal blood cells is reduced. Lymphoma is a cancer or the white blood cells that start in the lymphatic system. Myeloma is a bone marrow cancer that can cause damage to the bones, often leading to severe back pain. It can also damage the kidneys.
Scientists do not fully understand all the causes of haematological cancer yet.
Signs & Symptoms
Symptoms can vary depending on the type of cancer, but the most common ones are:
- looking pale, feeling tired and breathless
- getting more infections than usual
- unusual bleeding
- feeling run down or generally unwell
- fevers and sweats.
There is no known way to prevent most kinds of haematological cancers.
Haematological cancer is treated in different ways. It depends on the kind of cancer and how serious it is.