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Diphtheria

Diphtheria

Description

Diphtheria is an acute infectious disease caused by bacteria. It most commonly infects the nose and throat. The throat infection causes a grey to black, tough, fibre-like covering that can block the airways.

Causes

How it is spread Diphtheria spreads through respiratory droplets (like when you cough or sneeze) of an infected person. It can also be spread by contaminated objects of foods such as contaminated milk.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms usually occur two to five days after you have come into contact with the bacteria:

  • Bluish coloration of the skin
  • Bloody, watery drainage from nose
  • Breathing problems
  • Chills
  • Croup-like (barking) cough
  • Drooling
  • Fever
  • Hoarseness
  • Painful swallowing
  • Skin lesions
  • Sore throat.

Prevention

Routine childhood immunisations and adult boosters prevent the disease.

Treatment

If a healthcare provider thinks you have diphtheria, treatment should start immediately, even before the test results are available. People with diphtheria may have to stay in hospital while getting medicine. Anyone who has come into contact with the infected person must get an immunisation or booster shots against diphtheria.

MomConnect and NurseConnect Statistics

MomConnect figures 03/09/2017
1 Cumulative total of public subscriptions using the code: *134*550# 364 860
2 Cumulative total of CHW identified subscriptions using the code *134*550*3# 36 121
3 Cumulative total of clinic registrations using the code: *134*550*2# 1 530 990
4 Cumulative total of facilities with at least one registration 4 648
5 Total number of unique cellphone numbers 1 770 988
6 Total number of opt outs received 144 660

NurseConnect figures 03/09/2017
1 Total Registrations 19 254
1.1 National 9
1.2 Province 1,090
1.3 Facility 18 155
2 Facilities with at least one registration 2 935
3 Total Number of Opt-outs 411

Services