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Rift valley fever

Rift valley fever

Rift valley fever

Description

Rift valley fever (RVF) is an acute, fever causing viral disease that affects domestic animals (like cattle, sheep and goats) and humans. RVF is associated with mosquito-borne epidemics during years of unusually high rainfall.

Causes

How it is spread Humans can get the disease if they are exposed to the blood, body fluids or tissue of infected animals. Direct exposure can occur during slaughter or veterinary and obstetric procedures. Humans can also get RVF through bites from infected mosquitoes.

Signs & Symptoms

People with RVF typically have either no symptoms or a mild illness associated with fever and liver abnormalities. In some patients the disease can progress to haemorrhagic fever, inflammation of the brain or diseases affecting the eyes. Patients who become ill usually experience fever, generalised weakness, back pain, dizziness and extreme weight loss.

Prevention

People who regularly work with animals, must avoid coming in contact with the blood or tissue from sick animals. Reduce your contact with mosquitoes by wearing long-sleeved clothing and using mosquito repellents and bed nets.

Treatment

There is no established course of treatment for patients infected with the RVF virus.

MomConnect and NurseConnect Statistics

MomConnect figures 03/09/2017
1 Cumulative total of public subscriptions using the code: *134*550# 364 860
2 Cumulative total of CHW identified subscriptions using the code *134*550*3# 36 121
3 Cumulative total of clinic registrations using the code: *134*550*2# 1 530 990
4 Cumulative total of facilities with at least one registration 4 648
5 Total number of unique cellphone numbers 1 770 988
6 Total number of opt outs received 144 660

NurseConnect figures 03/09/2017
1 Total Registrations 19 254
1.1 National 9
1.2 Province 1,090
1.3 Facility 18 155
2 Facilities with at least one registration 2 935
3 Total Number of Opt-outs 411

Services