HIV and AIDS

HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis contribute significantly to the burden of disease faced by South Africans. This is particularly true for poor and vulnerable groups. This is why the government has decided to put a huge effort into addressing HIV and AIDS and TB in an integrated manner. The most important strategy to combat these diseases is the HIV and AIDS Counselling and Testing (HCT) Campaign. The HCT campaign will scale up the integrated prevention strategy based on:

  • behaviour change
  • use of barrier methods
  • providing medical male circumcision
  • scaling up syndrome management of STI
  • early prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT).



Another aim of the HCT Campaign is that people should know their status early. This will be done by massively scaling up HCT services in public and private facilities, homes, workplaces and public spaces.

Once people know their status, the government will show people the benefits of prevention and early access to treatment. To achieve this the department will work closely with social partners to promote open dialogue among communities, civil society and social partners.

To achieve results the department will have to increase the number of people on Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART).

The focus of the health system's HIV, AIDS and TB programmes will be to provide health services by taking advantage of the re-engineered primary healthcare (PHC) approach that is centred around communities and households. HIV, AIDS and TB services will be completely integrated with PHC services.

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